Pathogen Biology

Researcher with mold

Microbial and non-microbial contaminants such as pathogenic bacteria, viruses, and chemical or physical substances that contaminate food or food animals during production, processing and preparation.



Foodborne Illness: What You Need to Know

DHHS. Food and Drug Administration.

Describes the foodborne disease-causing organisms that frequently cause illness in the United States. Charts common name of illness, onset time after ingesting, signs and symptoms, duration and common food sources of the pathogen.


Foodborne Illness & Disease Fact Sheets

USDA. Food Safety and Inspection Service.

General information about foodborne illnesses and disease fact sheets. Spanish version is available.


Antimicrobial Resistance

DHHS. FDA. Center for Veterinary Medicine.

FDA's central web resource for information on antimicrobial resistance. Includes updates from CVM, descriptions of public meetings, notes on NARMS findings, Judicious Use of therapeutic antimicrobials brochures, and more.


Predictive Microbiology and Shelf-life

Food Safety Authority of Ireland.

Provides general information on predictive microbiology. Includes: development and limitations of models, and microbiological modeling programs.


Pathogen Annotated Tracking Resource Network (PATRN)

DHHS. Food and Drug Administration.

An integrated database of expert-curated published historical data on over 44,000 isolates of foodborne pathogens; their associated metadata and results from multiple types of experiments, and data from outbreak and surveillance investigation activities. A ‘private’ workspace is also provided for user-driven data analyses and for sharing of data among network partners. Read the full-text paper for more technical information.


Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals: Biofilms

USDA. ARS. Food Safety Research Information Office.

Research publications on biofilms from peer-reviewed journals. Some publications may be early view or ahead of print. Citations and abstracts are available to all users while full-text availability depends on institutional access levels.


Risk Profiles of Food Pathogens

New Zealand Food Safety Authority.

Microbiological risk profiles of food pathogens prepared to provide contextual and background information so that risk managers can make decisions and, if necessary, take further action.


Predictive Microbiology Information Portal

USDA. Agricultural Research Service.

Online software tool for predictive microbiology. Includes a pathogen modeling program, a combined database, and a resource locator. Designed for industrial use.


ComBase: A Combined Database for Predictive Microbiology

Institute of Food Research (United Kingdom); USDA. Agricultural Research Service; Food Safety Centre (Australia).

Provides data and predictive tools on microbial responses to food environments freely available via web-based software. The ComBase Database consists of thousands of microbial growth and survival curves that have been collated in research establishments and from publications.


National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS)

DHHS. CDC. National Center for Infectious Diseases.

Contains highlights of the activities of NARMS. Includes annual reports and publications.


Division of Foodborne, Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases Index

DHHS. CDC. Division of Foodborne, Baterial and Mycotic Diseases.

Agency that conducts surveillance, epidemic investigations, epidemiological and laboratory research, training, and public education programs to develop, evaluate, and promote prevention and control strategies for infectious bacterial and mycotic diseases.


Outbreak Alert! Database

Center for Science in the Public Interest.

The Outbreak Alert! is a searchable database that includes only outbreaks where both the food and pathogen have been identified. It currently has information on 5,000 outbreaks that occurred between 1990 to 2011.


FPAdvisor (Food Pathogen Advisor), A Food Borne Disease Database

Michigan Department of Agriculture.

Database providing an instructional aid to food regulatory personnel seeking a better understanding of the range of food borne illnesses.