Pathogenic Bacteria

Plant pathologist examines fungi

Learn about bacteria that cause foodborne illness either by infecting the intestinal tissues directly, or by producing bacterial toxins. This section includes food pathogens such as Campylobacter jejuni, Salmonella, E. coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes.


Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals: Bacterial Pathogens

USDA. ARS. Food Safety Research Information Office.

Research publications on bacterial pathogens from peer-reviewed journals. Some publications may be early view or ahead of print. Citations and abstracts are available to all users while full-text availability depends on institutional access levels.

Bacteria and Viruses


General information, charts and tables illustrating the most frequent cases of bacteria and viruses associated with food poisoning in the United States.

Bacterial Genomes

Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute (UK).

Provides links for projects related to bacterial sequencing on pathogens and model organisms. Information on the status of the project development and its funding source is also available.

Pathogen Annotated Tracking Resource Network (PATRN)

DHHS. Food and Drug Administration.

An integrated database of expert-curated published historical data on over 44,000 isolates of foodborne pathogens; their associated metadata and results from multiple types of experiments, and data from outbreak and surveillance investigation activities. A ‘private’ workspace is also provided for user-driven data analyses and for sharing of data among network partners. Read the full-text paper for more technical information.

Bacteriological Analytical Manual (BAM)

DHHS. Food and Drug Administration.

Collection of procedures utilized for pathogen detection in food and cosmetic products. General guidelines and procedures and methods for detection of specific pathogens, microbial toxins, foodborne pathogens and other pathogens are discussed.

Biological Hazards and Controls

University of California, Davis. Seafood Network Information Center.

Biological hazards and controls relating to hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) training. Control measures, FDA Guidelines, analytical procedures and growth covered on subjects such as Bacillus cereus, Campylobacter spp., Clostridium botulinum, Clostridium perfringens, Coliforms, Fecal Coliforms, and Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Parasites, Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio spp., Yersinia enterocolitica.

Causes of Food Borne Illness

Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

Reviews common causes of foodborne illnesses and defines the symptoms caused by bacteria, viruses and parasites found in contaminated food. Provides information on reporting food safety incidents.

Common Foodborne Pathogens

Iowa State University Extension.

Causes, incubation period, symptoms, possible contaminants and prevention measures for common foodborne pathogens are discussed.

Division of Foodborne, Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases Index

DHHS. CDC. Division of Foodborne, Baterial and Mycotic Diseases.

Biostatistics for disease outbreaks and research studies and information on educational programs geared toward promoting prevention and control strategies for bacterial zoonoses, enteric disease epidemiology and mycotic diseases.

Foodborne Illness

University of Florida IFAS Extension.

Related topics on Foodborne Illness. Subtopics include anthrax, e. coli, salmonella (salmonellosis), and waterborne pathogens. Available are links to publications on research conducted on causative agents of foodborne illness and information on how to prevent foodborne illness.

Foodborne Illnesses

New Zealand Food Safety Authority.

Information on common pathogens that cause enteric infections in New Zealand and information on how to avoid these microorganisms. Includes four simple rules on how you can keep yourself safe from infectious pathogens.

Foodborne Pathogens Associated with Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

Produce Safety Project.

Summary of major foodborne pathogens associated with fresh produce such as Cyclospora cayetanensis, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Hepatitis A, Listeria monocytogenes, Norovirus, Salmonella spp., and Shigella spp.

FPAdvisor (Food Pathogen Advisor), A Food Borne Disease Database

Michigan Department of Agriculture.

Instructional database utilized for understanding foodborne illnesses. Search contents of this database include type of disease, suspected food, incubation period, duration and symptom definitions.

Global Foodborne Infections Network (GFN)

World Health Organization.

A network of partnering institutions designed to prevent foodborne and other enteric infections through integrating related disciplines and information. Provides training courses and related websites to reduce foodborne illnesses.

Outbreak Alert! Database

Center for Science in the Public Interest.

Searchable database that provides a listing of foodborne illness outbreaks and occurrences by location and food. Database only displays outbreaks where the food and pathogen have been identified and have occurred between 1990 and 2007.

Todar's Online Textbook of Bacteriology - Table of Contents

University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Focuses on general bacteriology, bacterial relationships with animals, principles of bacterial pathogenesis, bacterial pathogens and diseases of humans and important groups of prokaryotes.